What is the history and origin of Black History Month?
In 1915, Carter G. Woodson and minister Jesse Moorland started the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History (ASNLH). This group researched and promoted the personal achievements and accomplishments of black Americans and people of African descent.
In 1924, Woodson created Negro History and Literature Week. He decided rely on the ASNLH to take on the task of expanding the Black History celebration.
In 1926, Woodson announced the first Negro History Week. He chose the month of February because both President Abraham Lincoln and Frederick Douglass. Lincoln abolished slavery and his birthday was February 12th. Douglass was a former slave that became the first black man to be nominated as Vice President of the United States. Although Douglass did not know his exact birth date, he declared February 14th (Valentine’s Day) as his official birthday.
By the 1940s, Negro History Week had slowly began to expand into a longer event. By late 1960s, Negro History Week morphed into Black History Month at several colleges.
In 1976, President Gerald Ford officially recognized Black History month to honor the neglected accomplishments of black Americans through history.
Who was Carter G. Woodson?
Woodson was born in 1875 in Virginia. As a child, Woodson worked as a miner, sharecropper, and other odd jobs to support his family. After graduating from high school, he traveled to the Phillipines to work as an education superintendent for the United States government. Woodson earned his Bachelor’s and Master’s degree from the University of Chicago. He earned his doctorate from the prestigious Harvard University. At that time, Woodson was only the second black man to earn a doctorate from Harvard; W.E.B. DuBois was the first.
Why do we celebrate Black History Month?
Carter G. Woodson, he believed that black people in the early 20th century were not being taught about their own heritage and achievements of their ancestors.
In 1976, President Ford called upon the public to, “seize the opportunity to honor the too-often neglected accomplishments of Black Americans in every area of endeavor throughout our history.”
In 2016, Lonnie G. Bunch III (director of the Smithsonian Institute in Washington D.C.) stated, “There is no more powerful force than a people steeped in their history. And there is no higher cause than honoring our struggle and ancestors by remembering.”
Let’s celebrate Black History Facts Together.
Indeed, Black History Month is about American History. It is the opportunity to highlight the countless efforts and contributions made by African Americans to our society. These accomplishments are often overlooked. African Americans are inventors, civil rights activists, Presidents and Vice Presidents, pioneers, educators, and much more.
You can help celebrate the history of all by teaching diversity in the classroom by teaching Black History Facts during Black History Month and beyond.
32 Historical Figures to celebrate:
- Muhammad Ali—Boxing champion
- Maya Angelou—Poet and author
- Dr. Guion Bluford—1st black male astronaut for NASA
- Cory Booker—U.S. Senator
- Ruby Bridges—Integrated the segregated schools
- George Washington Carver—Agricultural scientist
- Bessie Coleman—1st black female pilot
- Frederick Douglass—Civil rights activist
- Sarah E. Goode—Inventor of the folding bed
- W.C. Handy—Composer and musician
- Kamala Harris—1st black female Vice President
- Dorothy Height—Civil rights activist
- Dr. Mae Jemison—1st black female astronaut for NASA
- Katherine Johnson—Mathematician for NASA
- Coretta Scott King—Civil rights activist
- Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.—Civil rights activist
- Lewis Latimer—Invented the carbon filament inside the light bulb
- Nelson Mandela—Former South African President and civil rights activist
- Thurgood Marshall—1st black Supreme Court judge
- Elijah McCoy—Mechanical engineer & inventor of the lubricating cup
- Barack Obama—1st black President of the U.S.
- Michelle Obama—1st black First Lady of the U.S.
- Rosa Parks—Civil rights activist
- Colin Powell—4 star General and former Secretary of State
- Condoleezza Rice— Former National Security Advisor and Secretary of State
- Mary Seacole—Nurse during the Crimean War
- Sojourner Truth—Civil rights activist
- Harriet Tubman—Conductor of the Underground Railroad
- Neil deGrasse Tyson—Astrophysicist and host of PBS NOVA
- Madam C.J. Walker—1st female millionaire
- Booker T. Washington—Started the Tuskegee Institute
- Reva Williams—1st black female theoretical astrophysicist
These historical figures are highlighted in the resources below. Just click on the image for more details.
Separate Is Not Equal
Discusses in the depth the Roe v. Board of Education court case and the desegregation of schools.
Poems to Celebrate Black History
Read poems from Langston Hughes, Nikki Giovanni, and other historical authors.
The History of Hip Hop
Learn about the history of Queen Latifah, Will Smith, Questlove and more on NPR.